Every year, over two million people in the United States sustain traumatic brain injuries. The leading causes of traumatic brain injuries are car accidents, falls, assaults, and sports injuries. Seventy-five percent of reported brain injuries are considered mild forms, known as concussions. Yet every year at least 125,000 individuals are considered permanently disabled as a result of a traumatic brain injury.
Who is at the greatest risk for sustaining a traumatic brain injury? Young adults and the elderly are especially vulnerable to brain injuries. In addition, men are more than twice as likely as women to experience a traumatic brain injury.
Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Traumatic brain injury symptoms can vary depending on the severity of the injury. Some symptoms may appear right away, while others may take several days or weeks to become apparent. Symptoms of a traumatic brain injury can include:
- Sensitivity to light and sound, or
- Nausea and vomiting.
In addition to these symptoms, individuals with moderate to severe brain injuries may also experience slurred speech, loss of coordination, or loss of consciousness lasting several minutes to hours.
Possible Effects of TBI
In some cases, a person may have long-term medical issues as a result of their brain injury. Complications can include seizures, nerve damage, stroke, coma, and brain infections.
Traumatic Brain Injuries can also have long-term effects on various brain functions. They may affect your memory, your ability to swallow or even tie your shoes. Brain injury victims may struggle with communication for the remainder of their lives and many will require daily assistance.
If you or someone you love has sustained a serious brain injury, it is important to consult with a personal injury lawyer as soon as possible. Your attorney can protect your rights and ensure that you have the compensation you need to deal with your long-term disabilities.
Concussions: Not just a Mild Brain Injury Any Longer
The most common type of brain injury is a concussion. A concussion occurs when the head or body is jostled back and forth rapidly, as is typical in car accidents or contact sports injuries. While concussions are often referred to as mild brain injuries because they are not considered life threatening, they can still cause serious problems. Studies have shown that repeated concussions can have long-term, disabling effects.
Furthermore, research suggests that experiencing one or more TBIs could increase a person’s risk of developing degenerative brain diseases such as, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and chronic traumatic encephalopathy.